Independent since 1946, Syria shares its northern borders with Turkey, and its eastern ones with Iraq. It borders with Jordan to the south, and with Israel, Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west. It has a population of 21.5 million and its official language is Arabic.

Since 2011, Syria has been the theatre of a bloody civil war. While the conflict is still ongoing, President Bashar al-Assad’s government has regained the control of much of the territory. Russian, Iranian, Turkish and American forces are still in the country, together with pro-government militias linked to the Lebanese organization Hezbollah. Although some Arab countries have recently resumed relations with Syria, the country remains largely isolated and under international sanctions.

Although the volumes of trade between them is low, Syria and Italy used to enjoy good relations. During the civil war, the Italian Cooperation Agency has provided a great deal of assistance to Syria via multilateral initiatives.


The Levant is thirsty

Climate change and drought plague the Countries in the Levant region. The mismanagement of water resources can contribute to the outburst of conflicts. The case of Syria offers food for thought.

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Med-Or: proposals from the International Board’s first meeting

The first meeting of the International Board of Med-Or Foundation discussed several issues and proposals. Among these, the launch of Med-Or’s Virtual Diplomatic and Leadership Academy for the Broader Mediterranean

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The role of environmental research in the Mediterranean, from biosciences to earth magnetism

How international scientific collaborations can help people fighting climate change, particularly in the Broader Mediterranean. An analysis by Silvia Camisasca

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