The People's Democratic Republic of Algeria gained independence in 1962, after a long war against France. Located in the Maghreb region, Algeria is the largest country in Africa. Overlooking the Mediterranean Sea, it borders with Tunisia and Libya to the east, Niger, Mali and Mauritania to the south, and Morocco and Western Sahara to the west. Its population is estimated to be 44 million and the official languages are Arabic and Tamaziɣt.
Algeria plays a leading role in the stabilization of the Sahel region. In recent years, it has undertaken cross-border political, military and intelligence cooperation initiatives with neighbouring countries.
The cornerstones of cooperation between Italy and Algeria have been energy, the creation of human capital, infrastructures and security. Until 2019, Italy used to be Algeria's largest trading partner globally. Since the beginning of 2022, Algeria is Italy's first gas supplier. In 2020, due to the Covid-19 pandemic, the value of Italy-Algeria trade fell to €5.83 billion, of which €3.14 billion were Italian imports (-27.6 percent compared with the previous year) and €1.94 billion were Italian exports (-33.5 percent compared with the previous year). Natural gas represents almost the totality of Italy’s imports from the country, while Italy mainly exports machinery, refined petroleum products, chemicals and iron and steel products. In 2021 the trade between the two countries reached $ 9 billion.
US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken’s trip aims to contain recently emerged tensions between the United States and countries in the Near East, also in light of the recent Ukrainian crisis. By Anna Maria Cossiga
Russia and China have chosen to take a strategically cautious stand in the conflict between Morocco and Algeria and in their relations with the two North African Countries. By Alessandro Giuli
It is no longer a secret that Algeria and Europe are extremely close – now more than ever, given the current geopolitical context.
|Capo di stato||Abdelmadjid Tebboune|
|Capo del Governo||Aymen Benabderrahmane|
|Forma Istituzionale||Presidential Republic|
|Potere Legislativo||Bicameral Parliament, Nation Council (High House, 114 Members) and People’s National Assembly (Low House, 462 Members)|
|Potere Giudiziario||Supreme Court (150 judges divided in 8 Houses)|
|Ambasciatore in Italia||Abdelkrim Touahria|
|Area Totale||2.381.741 km²|
|Clima||From arid to semi-arid; dry and hot summers along the coast; drier with cold winters and hot summers on the highland|
|Risorse Naturali||oil, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead, zinc|
|Sintesi Economica||The economy remains dominated by the state, an heritage of the country’s post-independence socialist development model|
|Pil||$168 billion (Dec. 2021)|
|Pil pro capite (Parità di potere di acquisto)||$11.040 (Dic. 2021)|
$18.8 billion (2020)
|Export partner||Italy 17.2%, France 14.8%, Spain 13.8%, China 4.74%, South Korea 4.27% (2020) Imports: $31.3 billion (2020)|
$31.3 billion (2020)
|Import partner||China 17.9%, France 15%, Spain 6.89%, Italy 6.61%, Germany 5.69% (2020)|
|Trade With Italy||$ 9 billion (2021)|
|Etnie||Arab-Berber 99%, European less than 1%|
|Lingue||Arabic, French, Berber or Tamazight. The dialects include Kabyle Berber (Taqbaylit), Shawiya Berber (Tacawit), Mzab Berber, Tuareg Berber (Tamahaq)|
|Religione||Islam (official and predominantly Sunni) 99%, other religions (Christianity and Jews) less than 1%|