Algeria

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Algeria: monthly report April 2024

Algerian diplomacy keeps up its efforts on the Gaza crisis. Foreign minister Ahmed Attaf discussed the issue with UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres in New York, on the side lines of a Security Council vote for an Algerian draft resolution that would have granted Palestine full UN membership. Attaf also discussed the proposal – which was vetoed by the US – with the Brazilian and Jordanian foreign ministers, Mauro Vieira and Ayman Safadi. During the extraordinary UN meeting held in New York to address the latest developments in the conflict, Algeria also announced it will donate 15 million dollars to the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA). By advocating for the Palestinian cause as a non-permanent Security Council member, Algeria can gain political ground in the Middle East against its rival Morocco, which is among the Arab countries that normalised relations with Israel.

Algeria’s standing in the Sahel suffers new setbacks. Attaf expressed Algiers’ dissatisfaction with the national reconciliation initiative launched by the Bamako military junta, arguing the plan would all but exclude Tuareg rebels from the negotiations. Algeria’s ties with Mali grew strained at the end of January, when the government of colonel Assimi Goita renounced the Algerian-mediated peace accords of 2015 and spoke against “any foreign interference” in Mali’s conflict against the northern Tuareg. Meanwhile, Niamey’s foreign ministry condemned the transfer of migrants from Niger by Algerian police forces. After overthrowing elected president Mohamed Bazoum last July, Niger’s military junta undermined previous agreements by unilaterally reopening its frontiers with Algeria. Moreover, both Mali and Niger joined the Atlantic Initiative put forward by Morocco, who is currently expanding its influence over trade routes in the Sahel to Algeria’s detriment.

By contrast, Algeria makes some progress in fostering regional integration. The Algerian president of the Republic, Abdelmadjid Tebboune, attended the first trilateral consultation with his Libyan and Tunisian counterparts, Mohammed al-Menfi and Kais Saied. During the meeting, the three heads of State agreed to form joint working groups on agriculture, energy, and regional water management. Tebboune also underscored the need to strengthen regional and border cooperation mechanisms. The Tunis summit is set to be the first of a series of tripartite meetings, held every three months and proposed by Tebboune on the side lines of the Global Gas Exporting Countries Forum, which Algeria hosted between March and April. Algeria’s initiative aims to consolidate a North African regional bloc while indirectly countering Morocco’s simultaneous overtures in the Sahel.

New developments in the energy sector, where State-owned company Sonelgaz unveiled the first phase of its 2035, 15.000-megawatt energy plan. The program aims to diversify a national economy that remains disproportionately dependent on hydrocarbon revenues. Algerian initiatives to this end include the opening of four new solar plants with a cumulative capacity of 650 megawatt as well as the Southern Hydrogen Corridor project in cooperation with Italy and Germany. However, gas keeps playing a crucial role: Algerian State champion Sonatrach and French company TotalEnergies signed an agreement for the exploration and development of gas resources in the Timimoun basin in north-eastern Algeria. TotalEnergies also announced it would extend its supply contract with Sonatrach to 2025, when the Algerian company should begin to export 2 million tonnes of LNG per year to France.

Download the April 2024 report

Med-Or signs a Letter of Intent with the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria

On March 14, Med-Or Foundation signed a Letter of Intent with the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria, represented by its Ambassador to Italy, Abdelkrim Touahria. The agreement symbolizes a mutual commitment to explore and foster cooperation in various key areas.

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Algeria ready to take its relationship with Europe a step further

It is no longer a secret that Algeria and Europe are extremely close – now more than ever, given the current geopolitical context.

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