Kenya has been an independent state since 1963, after the decolonization of British East Africa. The country is crossed by the equator and is bordered to the north by Ethiopia, to the northwest by South Sudan, to the west by Uganda, to the south by Tanzania and to the east by Somalia. To the southeast it is bordered by the Indian Ocean. Its population is about 55 million and the official languages are Swahili and English.
Kenya has achieved a significant level of political stability and economic development, becoming the economic hub of the region. In addition, the country has played a valuable mediation role in crises in neighbouring countries, such as Somalia, Sudan and, more recently, Ethiopia.
The very complex situation in southern Somalia, where al-Shabaab carries out most of its terrorist activities, is the main source of concern for Kenya, which has been targeted by numerous terrorist attacks since three decades ago. Since 2012, Kenya has been a major contributor to AMISOM, the African Union stabilisation mission in Somalia.
Although still affected by severe poverty, Kenya's economy can be considered the largest and most developed in Eastern and Central Africa. In the past few years, overall trade between Kenya and Italy has been characterised by a high imbalance in favour of the latter. Italian exports to Kenya include: aircraft, industrial machinery, chemicals, food and household appliances. Kenya’s exports to Italy include: rawhide, skins and leather; fruits and vegetables; plants, bulbs and cut flowers. Italy has also heavily invested in the tourism sector.
Relations between Italy and Kenya are very good. The Italian community in Kenya is the second largest in sub-Saharan Africa. In 2006, Italy and Kenya signed a debt conversion agreement, under which several projects have been launched in support of vulnerable populations.
The visit of Italy’s President of the Republic to Kenya comes at a historic moment when the eyes of the world are on the region. Between symbolic and pragmatic, the visit puts Africa back at the heart of Italian foreign policy.
The first meeting of the International Board of Med-Or Foundation discussed several issues and proposals. Among these, the launch of Med-Or’s Virtual Diplomatic and Leadership Academy for the Broader Mediterranean
How international scientific collaborations can help people fighting climate change, particularly in the Broader Mediterranean. An analysis by Silvia Camisasca
|Capo di stato||William Ruto|
|Capo del Governo||William Ruto (Since 2013, the president coincides with the head of government)|
|Forma Istituzionale||Presidential Republic|
|Potere Legislativo||Bicameral Parliament (National Assembly, 350 seats – Senate 68 seats)|
|Potere Giudiziario||Supreme Court (7 judges)|
|Ambasciatore in Italia||Jackline Yonga|
|Area Totale||580.000 km2|
|Clima||Tropical along the coasts, arid in inland areas|
|Risorse Naturali||Limestone, sodium, salt, gemstones, zinc, gypsum, diatomite, hydroelectricity|
|Sintesi Economica||Kenya is the main economic, financial and transport hub of East Africa. The main sector remains agriculture, followed by tourism. Despite an average GDP growth of about 5% per year, the Kenyan economy presents some serious problems that limit its development, in particular high levels of unemployment, widespread corruption and lack of infrastructure. Kenya is also often victim of terrorist attacks.|
|Pil||$ 110 billion (Dec 2021)|
|Pil pro capite (Parità di potere di acquisto)||$ 1643 (Dec 2021)|
$11,5 billion (2019)
|Export partner||Uganda 10%, United States 9%, Netherlands 8%, Pakistan 7%, United Kingdom 6%, United Arab Emirates 6%, Tanzania 5% (2019)|
$ 10.4 billion (2019)
|Import partner||China 24%, United Arab Emirates 10%, India 10%, Saudi Arabia 7%, Japan 5% (2019)|
|Trade With Italy||$234 million (2021)|
|Popolazione||55 million (2022)|
|Population Growth||+ 2.12% (2022)|
|Etnie||Kikuyu 17.1%, Luhya 14.3%, Kalenjin 13.4%, Luo 10.7%, Kamba 9.8%, Somali 5.8%, Kisii 5.7%, Mijikenda 5.2% , Meru 4.2%, Maasai 2.5%, Turkana 2.1%|
|Lingue||English and Kiswahili (official). Various indigenous languages are also spoken|
|Religione||Christians 85.5% (mainly Protestants, Catholics and Evangelicals), Muslims 10.9%.|