Independent since 1971, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a federation of six emirates. The UAE borders with Saudi Arabia to the west and south, with Oman to the east and with the Persian Gulf to the west. The population is about 10 million, mostly consisting of migrant workers and their families. The official language is Arabic.
After its independence, the country witnessed rapid economic growth, thanks to its oil and gas reserves. This, along with the bolstering of diplomatic relations with both Western and Asian countries, has allowed the Emirates to acquire great political importance on the international stage. In recent times, the UAE has begun to strengthen its defence and security system, and today the country boasts one of the most technologically advanced armies in the region. On 15 September 2020, with the ratification of the Abraham Accords, the UAE, together with Bahrain, became the third Arab country to recognize the State of Israel, after Egypt and Jordan. The country is also actively engaged in promoting intercultural and interreligious dialogue across the region.
Over the years, commercial relations between the UAE and Italy have progressively grown. Italy is one of the main suppliers of the UAE and, concurrently, an important market for Emirati investments.
Italian-Emirati collaboration spans a variety of sectors, from security to science and culture. One example of this is the recent opening of the Italian Cultural Institute in Abu Dhabi, the first of its kind in Gulf countries.
Med-Or Leonardo Foundation Chairman, Mr. Marco Minniti, signed a Letter of Intent with the State of Qatar to facilitate partnerships with Qatari institutions in the fields of high-tech, innovation, and higher education
The House of the Abrahamic Family, a symbol of interreligious dialogue and rapprochement between peoples, has been inaugurated in Abu Dhabi. By Anna Cossiga
Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni’s visit to the UAE confirms a new beginning in Italy-UAE relations following five months of incremental engagement between the two governments
|Capo di stato||Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan|
|Capo del Governo||Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum|
|Forma Istituzionale||Federal Islamic parliamentary elective semi-constitutional monarchy|
|Potere Legislativo||Federal National Council (40 members); Federal Supreme Council (7, one for each emirate)|
|Potere Giudiziario||Federal Supreme Court (one Chief Justice and 4 judges; jurisdiction limited to federal cases)|
|Area Totale||83.600 km2|
|Clima||Desert; cooler towards the eastern mountains|
|Risorse Naturali||Oil and natural gas, marine resources|
|Sintesi Economica||An open economy with a high GDP per capita income and a substantial annual trade surplus; a strong dependence on oil is a significant and long-term challenge for the country.|
|Pil||$359 billion (Dec. 2021)|
|Pil pro capite (Parità di potere di acquisto)||$37498 (Dec. 2021)|
$216 billion (2020)
|Export partner||India 10.2%, China 8.91%, Saudi Arabia 8.36%, Japan 7.07%, Iraq 6.08%, Switzerland 4.7%, Oman 4.49% (2020)|
$214 billion (2020)
|Import partner||China 19.1%, India 8.43%, United States 6.52%, Saudi Arabia 4.3%, Germany 3.65%, Italy 2.09% (2020)|
|Trade With Italy||$7,98 billion (2021)|
|Population Growth||+0,58% (2022)|
|Etnie||Emiratins 11.48%, Indians 27.49%, Pakistani 12.69%, Filipinos 5.56%, Egyptians 4.23%, others 38.55%|
|Lingue||Arabic (official), English, Hindi, Malay, Urdu, Pashtu, Tagalog, Farsi|
|Religione||Islam 76%, Christians 9%, others (mainly Hindus and Buddhists) 15%|